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Authority record

Zhitlowsky, Chaim, 1865-1943

  • http://viaf.org/viaf/42642372
  • Person
  • 1865-1943

Born in Ushashy, Russian Empire (present day Belarus).

He was a Russian Jewish theoretician, writer and revolutionary. He was a founder of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, one of the foremost socialist parties in the Russian Empire, and an important promoter of Jewish Diaspora nationalism and Yiddishism. He was vice-president of the Czernowitz Yiddish Language Conference in 1908. He inspired the foundation of the territorialist Jewish Socialist Workers Party in the Russian Empire (the Sejmist Movement) in 1904. He emigrated to the U.S.A. at the start of the First World War, where he joined the Zionist-socialist Poale Zion party. In the late 1930s, he was active in the pro-Soviet Yiddisher Kultur Farband and in the Organization for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union. He died in Calgary, Canada, while on a conference tour.

Adler, Celia, 1899-1979

  • http://viaf.org/viaf/42679452
  • Person
  • 1899-1979

Celia Adler was born Tzirele Adler in New York City on December 6, 1889, to Jacob Adler and Dinah Shtettin, who were both Yiddish theater actors. She was an American actress, known as the “First Lady of the Yiddish Theatre”. She was first and foremost a theater actress, but she also starred in several films. She toured North and South America, as well as Europe, and held leading roles in numerous Yiddish plays. She last appeared on stage in 1961.

Blank, Leon, 1867-1934

  • http://viaf.org/viaf/51597159
  • Person
  • 1867-1934

Leon Blank was born in Kishinev, Bessarabia (present-day Chisinau, Moldavia) in 1864. He was one of the most famous Yiddish theater actor in the U.S.A.

His family moved to Romania when he was a child. He moved to the U.SA. in 1886, as a member of Sigmund Mogulesko's theater company. Originally a choir singer, he became with time one of the most recognized and celebrated name of Yiddish theater in North America, touring across the U.S.A. He was one of the founders of the Hebrew Actor's Union in 1899.

Entin, Yoel, 1875-1959

  • http://viaf.org/viaf/56464712
  • Person

Joel Entin was born in Pohost, Rusrian Empire (present-day Belorussia). He was a Yiddish writer, translator, educator and political activist. He moved to Moscow in 1890, and then to New York in 1891.He collaborated with several Jewish American publications, co-founded Yiddish teaching institutions, translated literary works from English to Yiddish, and was active in the Jewish theater milieu as a founder and director of the Fraye yidishe folks-bine in 1896 and then of the Progressive Dramatic Club in 1902. He was also a leader of the Poale Zion in America.

Schaechter, Mordkhe, 1927-2007

  • http://viaf.org/viaf/79141716
  • Person
  • 1927-2007

Born in Czernowitz, at the time in Romania, in 1927. A Yiddish linguist, writer and educator associated with YIVO, and a lecturer at Columbia University.

He began his lifelong association with the YIVO Institute of Jewish Research while in a Displaced Persons camp in Austria, between 1947 and 1951. After earning a doctorate in linguistics at the University of Vienna in 1951, he left for the United States of America, and served in American military intelligence during the Korean War. He then settled in New York City, and worked at YIVO, at YIVO's Yiddishe Shprakh linguistic journal, and founded the Committee for the Implementation of the Standardized Yiddish Orthography in 1958. He also had an extensive career as a teacher of Yiddish, published numerous books on the Yiddish language and was an editor of The Great Dictionary of the Yiddish Language and of The Language and Culture Atlas of Ashkenazic Jewry.

Lebedeff, Aaron, 1873-1960

  • http://viaf.org/viaf/79564375
  • Person

Aaron Lebedeff was born in Gomel, Russian Empire (present-day Belorussia) in 1873. He became a Russian and Yiddish theater actor touring Russia and Poland. He was mobilized in the Russian army during the First World War, and was sent to serve in Harbin, China. After the war, he moved from there to Japan, and then to the U.S.A. in 1920, where he soon became a Yiddish theater star. He lived in the U.S.A. for the rest of his life.

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